Part A. Global Interactions and Global Power

Conceptual Understanding:

Key Question:

How does global power and global influence vary spatially?

Key Content:

  • Globalisation indices showing how countries participate in global interactions
  • Global superpowers and their economic, geopolitical and cultural influence

• Detailed examples of at least two actual or potential global superpowers

Powerful organizations and global groups:
• G7/8, G20 and Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) groups
• Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries’ (OPEC) influence over energy policies
• global lending institutions, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and New Development Bank (NDB)

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities
How wealthy and powerful places exist at varying scales, and how the global map is complex and subject to change

Monday 17 October 2022

Globalisation – A Refresher

Starter: According to you, what are the top three claims to be made from this video in terms of what makes countries rich or poor. To what extent does the influence of (neo)colonialism & (neo)imperialism play a part in global development? 

“Globalisation is the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through an increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services and of international capital flows, and through the more widespread diffusion of technology”

But what does this mean? How can we understand what each part of the definition means?  

Lesson 1. Globalisation Refresher (Google Doc)

Task 1. Can you think of one named product or service that meets the criteria of all of the above definition? Break it down using the worksheet above. 

…. countries become interdependent
…. increasing what they buy and sell with each other
…. resulting in the flow of money (capital) between places
…. and the sharing and take up of technology in those countries 

Shrinking World – Tweet it! 

At the beginning of the year I usually send out a ‘Say hi to my IB class’ on Twitter to see how many responses come back…

Display Task: Students…

  • Record each country and place in an Excel document. Use this interactive tool to map each country. 
  • Once complete, total up the total number of KM using this calculator that the tweet traveled from school to each place stated in the tweet and then back again. 
  • If Twitter bird had been a homing pigeon, how long would it have taken the pigeon to get to each of these places and back? The average speed of a homing pigeon over distance is approximately 97km/hr. 
  • Work out how much the Earth has shrunk (time space convergence) as a %.
  • Create a display that shows how Twitter has shrunk the world. See examples below. 

Task 2. Using a copy of Geo Factsheet number 172* complete the following activities:

a. Make notes on the four different types of globalization as set out in Figure 2.

b. Study Fig 3a carefully and identify what you consider to be the 5 main factors which have led to the development of globalisation and explain their contribution.

c. Fill in the worksheet below using the information on page 4 of the fact sheet. You will need to find a suitable image to add to the different aspects of globalisation in the table. 

Lesson 1. Globalisation Geo Factsheet Tasks (Google Doc)

Geo Factsheet 172 (PDF)

Monday 24 October 2022

Globalisation Indices: The KOF…

“Globalisation is the growing interdependence of countries worldwide through an increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services and of international capital flows, and through the more widespread diffusion of technology”

Starter: Discuss ideas that you think makes a place globalised.

Consider the following:

  1. Economic Factors
  2. Political Factors
  3. Social Factors
  4. Environmental Factors

Rank the following characteristics of globalization in order of importance in a 9-card diamond ranking.

  1. Flows of trade
  2. Flows of foreign direct investment (FDI) and portfolio investment
  3. Level of barriers to trade and flows
  4. International telephone traffic
  5. Tourism both to and from a place
  6. Size of foreign population
  7. Information flows (Internet users, television ownership, trade in newspapers)
  8. The number of embassies
  9. Membership of international organizations

Measuring Globalisation:

​Click here to view an embedded interactive map showing the spread of globalisation according to the KOF Index. The KOF Globalisation Index measures the economic, social and political dimensions of globalisation. Globalisation in the economic, social and political fields has been on the rise since the 1970s, receiving a particular boost after the end of the Cold War.

Spend a few minutes exploring the interactive KOF site. Drag the map slider bar to show the spread of globalisation over time and use the interactive graph below to check out the data for your home country. 

Lesson 2. The KOF Index (Google Doc)

Task: Using the worksheet above, complete all tasks set out. 

For Task 3 on the worksheet, you will need this Press Release and this League Table of KOF Rankings from 2021. 

Homework:

In preparation for next week’s lesson on Superpowers, watch the excellent 30 minute lecture below by Prof Alasdair Pinkerton from November 2020. Take notes on the content including:

  • The definition of a superpower.
  • How the term superpowers was coined.
  • Who the original superpowers.
  • Links with nuclear capabilities.
  • The modern day superpowers.
  • Superpowers of the future. 

Monday 31 October 2022

Global Superpowers

Starter: Discussion of video from homework.

Task 1. You will choose to study four of the music videos below (take four different ones each). Your task will be to watch the videos, study the lyrics and then recognise the links to disputes between superpowers.  Record your findings on a copy of the worksheet below.

Lesson 3. Superpowers Music Video Worksheet (Google Doc)

USA / USSR Power Struggle and the rise of China…

Task 2. Using the video below, familiarise yourself with The USA, the USSR and the Cold War of 1947 – 91. Take notes on key places, key people and key dates. Aim for 15 pieces of information in total.

“This truly marked the end of the cold war and the world was left with one superpower – the USA”

Task 3. Watch the video below that charts the United States of America’s rise to become the current largest global superpower. The first 3:15 minutes is good for recap and particularly for the League of Nations.

​You should focus on the time period post WW2 and paying attention to the formation of the United Nations & Breton Woods Agreement (World Bank & IMF) as well as NATO. 6:60 onward is excellent for post Cold War information.  

Complete the worksheet below following the tasks set out. 

Lesson 3. The USA – The Making of a Superpower (Google Doc)

​Task 4. Study this 2017 article from Forbes online. Highlight/note down the key areas of text that give clues as to China’s growing prominence as a global superpower.

Monday 07 November 2022

Powerful organizations and global groups…

For this piece of work, we will be splitting up to work on powerful organisations and groups. Below, you will find a resources wall where you can find further information. You objective is to research your organisation / group and provide a short presentation and completed notes sheet to your peer. 

Starter: Watch the video below…

Task 1. Using the framework research grid below, use both the video and news story links below, plus your own research to find out and then share with your peer how powerful organizations and global groups exist at varying scales, and how membership is complex and subject to change.

Lesson 4 Notes Framework (Google Doc)

The G7

The G7 News Story

OPEC Oil ‘Cartel’

OPEC News Story

The G20

G20 News Story

The OECD

OECD News Story

The World Bank

World Bank News Story

The IMF

IMF News Story

Task 2. With your completed fact sheets, you should now be able to answer the following questions:

  • Evaluate the need for the G7 and the G20.
  • How might OPEC influence the price of oil? 
  • Explain the difference between the World Bank and the IMF.
  • Explain the difference between the World Bank and the New Development Bank. 
  • Outline the key common weaknesses of two or more of the groups above

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